booksThe library

A listing of titles that can be found in the diderot track library. The subjects for these books go from "management" to "mild technical" and sometimes even "philosophical".

Thinking Fast and Slow

Cover 'Thinking Fast and Slow'Thinking Fast and Slow offers a whole new look at the way our minds work, and how we make decisions.

Why is there more chance we'll believe something if it's in a bold type face?

Why are judges more likely to deny parole before lunch?

Why do we assume a good-looking person will be more competent?

The answer lies in the two ways we make choices: fast, intuitive thinking, and slow, rational thinking. This book reveals how our minds are tripped up by error and prejudice (even when we think we are being logical), and gives you practical techniques for slower, smarter thinking. It will enable to you make better decisions at work, at home, and in everything you do.

  • Daniel Kahneman; 2011; Penguin; isbn: 978-0-141-03357-0 >>

Ontology-based answer selection in dialog systems

IT-Case Study

Cover illustrationIn these days our daily life is more and more affected by computers. For this reason it is necessary to find a simple and intuitive way to interact with complex technologies. Natural language dialog systems could be the solution how humans and machines could communicate with each other. One of the main tasks of such dialog systems is to provide fast ans appropriate answers to user's questions. The challenge is how to find these answers out of the flood of information?

The author provides:

  • an overview about the linguistically and theoretically background;

  • the concepts: dialog, dialog systems and ontology are introduced;

  • answer selection and question-answering are elucidated;

  • results for testing alternative approaches using several algorithms.

The illustrated algorithm could be a solution to realize answer selection in a fast and effective way.

  • Christian Pretsch; 2007; VDM isbn: 9783836405102>>

Words without Objects

Semantics, Ontology and Logic for Non-Singularity

CoverA picture of the world as chiefly one of discrete objects, distributed in space and time, has sometimes seemed compelling. It is however one of two main targets of Henry Laycock's book; for it is seriously incomplete. The picture, he argues, leaves no space for stuff like air and water. With discrete objects, we may always ask 'how many?', but with stuff the question has to be 'how much?'

Philosophers these days, in general, are unlikely to deny that stuff exists. But they are very likely to deny that it is ('ultimately') to be contrasted with things, and it is on this account that logic and semantics figure largely in the framework of the book.

Elementary logic is a logic which takes values for its variables; and these values are precisely distinct individuals or things. Existence is then symbolized in just such terms; and this, it is proposed, creates a pressure for 'reducing' stuff to things. Non-singular expressions, which include words for stuff, 'mass' nouns, and also plural nouns, are 'explicated' as semantically singular. Here then is the second target of the book. The posit that both mass and plural nouns name special categories of objects (set-theoretical 'collections' of objects in the one case, mereological 'parcels' or 'portions' of stuff in the other) represents, so Laycock urges, the imposition of an alien logic upon both the many and the much.

  • Henry Laycock; 2006; Oxford Press; isbn: 0199281718>>

Corporate Agility

A revolutionary new model for competing in a flat world

CoverThe rules are changing. The work we do — and where and how we do it — is undergoing a revolution. In order to thrive in the global economy, companies need a whole new business model–one that enables them to embrace new technology, understand the ever-changing workforce, and rethink the way they structure work environments.

Corporate Agility provides the blueprint. The authors are founders of the Work Design Collaborative, a renowned think tank that helps companies become more productive. In Corporate Agility, they share the results of their ground-breaking five-year research project and the forward-thinking strategies that have grown out of this new knowledge.

Readers will discover how to:

  • Reduce fixed operational costs to remain competitive in the global marketplace

  • Institutionalize the innovation process to quickly react to a changing marketplace

  • Confront the coming "talent gap" for creative and knowledge-based workers

Filled with case studies of companies that have learned to stay ahead of the curve and interviews with their top executives, Corporate Agility will help every company ensure that it stays profitable and sustainable for years to come.

  • Charles E. Grantham, James P. Ware, Cory Williamson; 2007; Amacom; isbn: 0-8144-0911-3 >>

Business Rule Concepts

Getting to the point of knowledge

Illustration from the cover of Business Rule ConceptsRadical in its simplicity, this concise, easy to read handbook presents a ground breaking, common-sense approach to solving today's operational business problems. Find out why current IT methods have broken down and no longer scale. Written by the world's leading authority on business rules, here are proven answers. Get your company on the road to true agility!

Mandatory reading for business practitioners, as well as for all curricula in management, business administration and computer science. Ample practical advice and very easy to read. I enjoyed it thoroughly.

  • Ronald G. Ross; 2009 (3rd edition); Business Rule Solutions; isbn: 0941049078>>

Ontologies-Based Business Integration

This book provides a very detailed and complete view on using ontologies and semantics for business integration. There are however two rather disturbing flaws here:

  1. It is very focused on e-Business, while the described method - using ontologies and semantics - is much more applicable to business processes at large, managing business assets like process- and rules-management and business-intelligence;

  2. It is solely based on RDF and -tooling as the standard for ontology. In our vision the Topic Maps? standard is much more equipped to handle this type of usage. The Topic Maps standard is not even mentioned. This is a severe omission that can even increase the amount of required investment to get an environment implemented and maintained.

Besides these two issues, it is a recommendable book for everyone interested in business-integration. The methods and principles described are precise, complete and to the point.

Cover from Ontologies-based business integrationCover text: The globalization of everyday business and increasing international trade lead to a growing need to improve national and international business collaborations and transactions. Upcoming new technologies for e-business transactions allow for new ways of process, information and application integration. But business partners almost always have different ways to systemize the information needed to run the business, in terms of information structure, syntax and semantics. Consequences are mismatch and misunderstanding in electronic transactions. This book shows what ontology management can do for process, information and application integration under dynamic e-business conditions. We not only discuss research results and develop novel methods and frameworks, but also apply them to build business use application components that are deployed as web services.

  • Michael Rebstock, Janina Fengel, Heiko Paulheim; 2007; Springer; isbn: 9783540752295>>

Ontologies

A Silver Bullet for Knowledge Management and Electronic Commerce

CoverOntologies have been developed and investigated for some time in artificial intelligence to facilitate knowledge sharing and reuse. More recently, the notion of ontologies has attracted attention from fields such as databases, intelligent information integration, cooperative information systems, information retrieval, electronic commerce, enterprise application integration, and knowledge management. This broadened interest in ontologies is based on the feature that they provide a machine-processable semantics of information sources that can be communicated among agents as well as between software artifacts and humans.

In a nutshell, ontologies enable effective and efficient access to heterogeneous and distributed information sources. Given the increasing amount of information available online, this kind of support is becoming more important day by day.

  • D. Fensel, Frank Van Harmelen (Editor); 2003; Springer-Verlag; isbn: 3540003029>>

Enterprise SOA

Service Oriented Architecture Best Practices

CoverLearn to apply the significant promise of SOA to overcome the formidable challenges of distributed enterprise development. Avoid common pitfalls in distributed systems design by applying the proven concepts of SOA SOA helps IT organizations reduce risk, save time, lower costs, and deliver better, more professional services Detailed vertical case studies and hands-on insight based on the author team's extensive experience in a wide variety of industries This book spells out guidelines and strategies for successfully using Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) in large-scale projects. SOA represents the latest paradigm in distributed computing and middleware development. However, SOA is not a revolution, but rather an evolution in software architecture. SOA is a collection of best practice software construction principles accompanied by proven methodologies in development and project management. This book is unique in that it offers a pragmatic approach to the topic. The authors borrow from their more than forty years of collective enterprise experience, and offer a frank discussion of the challenges associated with adopting SOA. They also help readers ensure that their organization does not become too closely tied to a specific technology. The result is a detailed introduction to the topic and an architectural blueprint for implementing SOA.

  • Dirk Krafzig; Karl Banke; Dirk Slama; 2004; Prentice Hall PTR; isbn: 0131465759>>

New Knowledge Management

Complexity, Learning and Sustainable Innovation

Cover'The New Knowledge Management' is the story of the birth of "second-generation knowledge management," told from the perspective of one its chief architects, Mark W. McElroy. Unlike its first-generation cousin, second-generation Knowledge Management seeks to enhance knowledge production, not just knowledge sharing. As a result, 'The New Knowledge Management' expands the overall reach of knowledge management to include "innovation management" for the very first time.

Unlike first-generation KM, mainly focusing on value derived from knowledge sharing, second-generation thinking formally adds knowledge making to the scope of KM. In this way second-generation KM expands the overall reach of KM to include "innovation management" for the very first time. 'The New Knowledge Management' finally begins to bridge the gap between KM and the field of organizational learning, which up until now have been viewed as miles apart.

'The New Knowledge Management' is the story of the birth of second-generation knowledge management, told from the perspective of one its chief architects, Mark W. McElroy. Unlike its first-generation cousin, second-generation Knowledge Management seeks to enhance knowledge production, not just knowledge sharing. As a result, 'The New Knowledge Management' expands the overall reach of knowledge management to include innovation management for the very first time. 'The New Knowledge Management' introduces the concept of second-generation knowledge management to the business community. Mark W. McElroy has assembled a collection of his own essays, written over the past four years, chronicling the development of related thinking in the field. Unlike first-generation KM, mainly focusing on value derived from knowledge sharing, second-generation thinking formally adds knowledge making to the scope of KM. In this way second-generation KM expands the overall reach of KM to include innovation management for the very first time. 'The New Knowledge Management' finally begins to bridge the gap between KM and the field of organizational learning, which up until now have been viewed as miles apart.

  • Mark W. McElroy; 2002; Butterworth-Heinemann; isbn: 0750676086>>

Enterprise Ontology

Theory and Methodology

Cover illustration 'Enterprise Ontology'If one thing catches the eye in almost all literature about (re)designing or (re)engineering of enterprises, it is the lack of a well-founded theory about their construction and operation. Often even the most basic notions like "action" or "process" are not precisely defined. Next, in order to master the diversity and the complexity of contemporary enterprises, theories are needed that separate the stable essence of an enterprise from the variable way in which it is realized and implemented. Such a theory and a matching methodology, which has passed the test of practical experience, constitute the contents of this book. The enterprise ontology, as developed by Dietz, is the starting point for profoundly understanding the organization of an enterprise and subsequently for analyzing, (re)designing, and (re)engineering it. The approach covers numerous issues in an integrated way: business processes, in- and outsourcing, information systems, management control, staffing etc. Researchers and students in enterprise engineering or related fields will discover in this book a revolutionary new way of thinking about business and organization. In addition, it provides managers, business analysts, and enterprise information system designers for the first time with a solid and integrated insight into their daily work.

  • Jan L.G. Dietz; 2006; Springer-Verlag isbn: 3540291695>>